Sequential Circuits Studio 440
Studio 440 tech specs
- Released: 1987
- Company: Sequential Circuits
- Types: MIDI sequencer; sampler
- Sample rates: 15.625 kHz, 31.25 kHz, 41.667 kHz<!— These frequencies are claimed at http://siliciumalpha.chez.com/Analog/studio-440/studio-440-infos.htm , and the top one verified as per citation. These appear to be ANSI standard ("ANSI Standard S1.6-1984" or "S1.11"?) "octave band" frequencies that are derived from repeatedly halving or doubling from a starting point of 1 kHz, such as 15.625 Hz and 31.250 Hz... which are then inexplicably multiplied by a thousand, converting them into decidedly non-standard frequencies. The closest actual ANSI standard frequencies would, of course, be 16 kHz and 32 kHz. I'm not sure why the top one isn't 46.875, which would be the other two added together, or the second multiplied by 1.5 ... or 44.194, which would be a decidedly more logarithmic ```(2^(-4.5))*1000``` (it's closer to -4.584 ish, nothing in particular). Presumably this is all based on the internal clock frequency..? —>
- Sample resolution: 12-bit
- Tracks: 8
- Audio out: 8 + stereo pair
- Control: MIDI
- Synchronisation: MIDI clock with song position pointer; MIDI Time Code; SMPTE timecode<!— Also external clock, perhaps DIN: "there are triggers and 24, 48 or 96 ppqn connections" —>
- RAM: 768 KB sampler, 400 KB sequencer
- Storage: <!— Double sided, but what density? —> 3.5" floppy disk, SCSI
- Display: 16×2 character LCD
The Studio 440 was a drum machine style sampler and MIDI sequencer released by Sequential Circuits in 1987. As its name implies, it was comprehensive, and could be the heart of a small studio.
Essentially, Sequential Circuits took their Prophet 2000 sampler and added a MIDI sequencer, turning it into a largely self-contained sample-based studio to rival the Linn 9000. Roger Linn himself would have the last word, though, teaming up with Akai to make that staple of hip hop, the MPC60.
The Studio 440 can loop a short section of music, and record muting and unmuting individual tracks, making it useful for house and techno music that slowly layers up parts.
Having the 440 makes life a lot easier. Let's say I sampled something and the loop wasn't working out. I could just can it right there, carry on programming a beat, and then come back to the sample later. You can't do that with the Akai — you need another sequencer and a MIDI controller to play your samples back. With the 440 I can do everything in one.
— Kurtis Mantronik, Mantronix, 1987
Basically, the Studio 440 is a recording studio in a box.
— Simon Harris, 1989
- "Sequential Circuits Studio 440" Sequential Circuits Studio 440, Sound On Sound, Feb 1987
- "Music Madness" Tim Goodyer, Music Technology, Apr 1987
- "The Bassment Tapes" Tim Goodyer, Music Technology, Sep 1989
- "Aphex Twin Live in Paris" Apr 1993
- "House Masters" Nicholas Rowland, Music Technology, Mar 1988
- "Criminal Record?" Tim Goodyer, Music Technology, Mar 1992
- "The Orb" Mark Prendergast, Sound On Sound, May 1993
- "Sequential Studio 440" Paul Wiffen, Music Technology, Feb 1987
- "Sequential Studio 440" Paul Wiffen, Sound On Sound, Jul 1987
Hardware MIDI sequencers: Casio CZ-101 | Roland TR-909 | Roland W-30 | Sequential Circuits Studio 440
Samplers: Akai S612 | Akai S900 | Akai S950 | Akai S1000 | Akai S1100 | Casio FZ-1 | Roland W-30 | Sequential Circuits Studio 440